top of page

What are the Types of Ocean Freight and How Many Are They Classified?

Ocean freight, also known as maritime transport, is a common type of transportation, where 90% of importers' and exporters' goods are available globally.

Ocean freight also has different advantages, financially, with heavy cargo and environmentally friendly. This type of transportation, which is frequently preferred in the world, plays an effective role in ocean freight, such as load weight, weather conditions, and budget.

Types of Ocean Freight

Ocean freight types are considered as two main topics, tramp, and liner. Both types of help achieve gains from different angles. Ocean freight, which may differ according to the cargo and ship class, is also classified into five different parts.

Tramp transport, irregular transport, is a type of transport that is made between two different ports with a certain load and has no specific time or date. Underground mines are because materials can be loaded on the entire or large part of the ship where valuable materials such as crude oil, timber, and coal can also be transported at once.

Liner has a fare-based transportation service system under the other name in the transportation bill. In this type, the departure time of the ships from the port, the date of arrival at the port to reach, and the location of the place where the ship will transfer to another ship or trot are determined by planning in advance. There is no need for all ships carrying cargo to be filled with cargo in liner transportation.

What are the different Ocean Freight Classifications?

In Ocean freight, there are specific types of cargo and ship types that are developed to accommodate these cargoes. Load types are divided into two, liquid and dry bulk.

Products such as liquid bulk crude oil, petroleum products, and gas are included in it. Products like iron ore, coal, and grain are covered by dry bulk.

In the transport, which allows the carrying of different types of products together and easy transfer realization, the loads are carried in chests with large dimensions made in accordance with international standards.

Ships are categorized based on their type, including dry cargo, liquid load (tanker), container, Ro-Ro ships that transport wheeled vehicles, and bulk carriers.


The global marine industry is anchored by-products like crude oil, petroleum products, natural gas (liquefied), chemical products, oils, wine, and molasses. Tankers have an important place with the user world ship fleet tonnage having more than 33% ’.

The tanker variation used in ocean cargo transportation also allows for cheap transportation.


The container provides safe transportation through transport regulated by international criteria. 20 ft containers are usually used in maritime transport.

Ro-Ro Transport:

Ro-Ro transport is unique in that it uses wheeled vehicles, including rail and trucks serving on the highway, to connect to the sea.

Bulk Carriers:

A merchant ship that transports cargo is known as a bulk carrier or dry bulker. Dry bulk products are transported by it.


bottom of page